|英文篇名||The Institutes of Unemployment Protection and Employment Promotion in Canada|
The PartⅠof the Employment Insurance Act in Canada provides regular benefit, special benefit, work-sharing, and fishing benefit to assist Canadians in facing the risk of unemployment. The PartⅡof the Act provides employment benefits and support measures to help EI claimants maintain or obtain their employment. Government in Canada also provides employment promotion measures for aboriginal peoples, people with disabilities, seniors, youth, and students.
As for the impacts and effectiveness of the EI programs, Family Supplement plays a redistributive role in Canadian economy, enhance lower income claimants receive the same extent as higher earners. Although the VER（Variable Entrance Requirement）encourages people who live in the region with lower unemployment rate to work longer, but who lives in the higher unemployment rate region may reluctant to move to the lower unemployment rate region. Hour-based eligibility for EI benefits has better protection for the atypical workers, but they are harder eligible for benefits when compare with formal workers. Targeted Wage Subsidies, Labour Market Partnerships, and work-sharing have the positive impacts on employment. That EBSM eligibility is based on EI entitlement is limited for those clients with weak labour market attachment.
There are some characteristics of the institutes in Canada:1.More precise Hour-based eligibility for EI benefits.2.Benefit period depends on regions' condition and has income redistribution effect.3.Provide benefits when Canadians facing the risk of unemployment or the special situation interrupting their employment.4.Cooperate with relate groups and organizations and encourage them to provide programs and make efforts in evaluating and reforming.
|關鍵詞||就業保險、失業保險、就業促進、Employment Insurance、Unemployment Insurance、Employment Promotion|