Collective Bargaining in Taiwan: Between Market and Institution
|篇名||Collective Bargaining in Taiwan: Between Market and Institution|
Is there a future of collective bargaining in Taiwan? Taking an institutional and historical perspective this paper analyzed this question. It is suggested that global economy and institutional arrangements are two major forces to determine the future of collective bargaining in Taiwan.
This study first introduced the institutional framework of Taiwan's industrial relations in particular to identify the role of the union, employer and state in the process of collective bargaining. In the next section the current state of collective bargaining in Taiwan from three aspects is examined: namely, the process, outcome, and behavior. Further in the analysis, the author established his argument of why Taiwan's collective bargaining has been influenced by the market and institutional forces. He argued that either force could not single out to determine the process and outcome of collective bargaining in Taiwan.
State intervention will be decreasing as Taiwan is politically becoming liberalized. It is therefore expected that the global economy may play more vital role to determine the process and outcome of collective bargaining in Taiwan. Thus, the author presented two scenaios of employment relations under the influence of global economy. It is suggested that the labor policy in Taiwan is on the turning point to change and it is necessary to make a choice between these two scenarios. One scenario is to keep current structure of labor policy that government still plays the major role to determine the process and outcome of employment relations. In the other scenario labor and employer are expected to play major roles in the secision making of employment relations. The author argued that only through a voluntary system of employment relations and reconstruct appropriate institutions that both economic development and social justice can be reached in the face of global competition.