Orbit

top-banner

我国外籍劳工引进与名额配置因素之探讨:政策德菲法之应用

篇名 我国外籍劳工引进与名额配置因素之探讨:政策德菲法之应用
英文篇名 The Research of Factors of Foreign Labor Importation and Its Quota Determination: the Application of the Policy Delphi Method
作者 刘宜君、辛炳隆
刊名 政大劳动学报
期数 200901(24)
出版单位 国立政治大学劳工研究所
起讫页 133-177
摘要

本研究鑑于现阶段政府的外劳引进政策不论在总额决定因素或是名额分配上仍有明确化空间,故以分析过去我国引进外劳的原则与做法,参考他国经验,并透过德菲法的调查,提出建构我国总额决定与分配因素之建议。

研究发现多数德菲法专家认为外劳总额决定应参考因素,依其重要性高低分别为「缺工率」、「经济成长率」、「一般失业率」、「劳动参与率」、「物价上涨率」、「原住民失业率」。在名额分配方面,多数德菲专家认为除了整理总额之外。对于各行业可以引进的外籍劳工人数,也应订定总额上限,而在订定时,应以「该行业的缺工率」、「该行业的产业关联效果」为最主要考量因素。

研究建议为:(1)建议政府为回应工商团体与部分专家学者认为在单一总额下,外籍看护工人数增加严重排挤产业外劳的引进名额之意见,可以在决定总额时,将产业外劳与社福外劳总额分立,以避免产业外劳的名额受到挤压。(2)建议政府根据本研究提出的「缺工率」、「经济成长率」、「一般失业率」、「劳动参与率」、「物价上涨率」与「原住民失业率」等多元面向的指标之相对权重,亦即增加与外劳替代性较高之本国基层劳工之失业率雨实质工资成长率等其他较客观的指标,设算每年可以引进之外劳总额。(3)建议在整体总额架构下,政府开放特定行业申请聘僱外劳的考虑因素时,根据行业的「缺工率」与「产业关联效果」、「该行业的关厂歇业家数」、「该行业的职业灾害发生率」,订定各行业外劳总额上限,亦可以减少母前外劳总额得厘订过度偏重缺工率,增加其他客观指标作为参考依据。最后,建议强化外劳政策谘询小组功能,并举办工作坊,邀请外国有实务经验之专家来台指导小组委员如何就外劳议题进行协商。

英文摘要

Despite the numerous domestic literatures conducted on the impact of foreign labor importation on the domestic employment market and industry development, inconsistent results were observed due to the diverse empirical models, sources and periods of information, and the sampling combinations utilized in each study. As a result, it is difficult to determine based on the previous studies whether the importation of foreign labors imposes a positive or negative overall influence.

The key research topics of this study include: (1) re-evaluate the impact of the former foreign labor importation policy on the domestic employment market and industry development; (2) launch an effective mechanism to control and manage the total quantity and the allocation of foreign workers; (3) evaluate the potentiality of introducing foreign labors into the service industry; (4) re-evaluate the current professional qualification restriction for foreign talents working in Taiwan and determine the likelihood of loosening the constrains. The result of the Delphi survey conducted in our research demonstrated that the majority of the experts believed that the factors determining the total quantity of foreign labors are, in the order of their importance, “labor shortage ratio”, “economic growth rate”, “unemployment ratio’, “labor-force participation ratio”, “inflation rate” and “unemployment ratio for the indigenous people.” Based on the results derived above, the following policy suggestions were proposed: (1) Establish separate total quantities for industrial and social welfare foreign labors to avoid repressing the quota for the industrial foreign labors. (2) Calculate the rate of change for the total quantity of industrial foreign labor population by multiplying the “rate of change for economic growth rate”, “rate of change for unemployment rate”, “rate of change for labor-force participation rate”, “rate of change for inflation rate”, and “rate of change for unemployment rate for the indigenous” with its corresponding relative weight. (3) According to the "labor shortage rate" and "industry-related effects," the government sets the upper limit of the total industry workers.

关键词 外籍基层人力、外劳政策、再就业率、评估研究、政策德菲法、Foreign LaborForeign Labor PolicyReemployment RatioEvaluation ResearchPolicy Delphi Method