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论大学生兼任校内助理工作之「劳工」身分争议与相关社会保障权利:以日本大学生兼任助理之教育劳动政策及其转换为中心

篇名
论大学生兼任校内助理工作之「劳工」身分争议与相关社会保障权利:以日本大学生兼任助理之教育劳动政策及其转换为中心
并列篇名
Controversy of the Undergraduate Assistants’ Working Status and their Labor Rights: The theme of Educational Labor Policies and Role Changes of Japanese Undergraduate Assistants
作者 林良荣
中文摘要
自2011年台大研究生成立工会所生争议事件为始,其所争执者,即在于各该适用法律所定义之「劳工」身分之范畴与认定标准(劳工身分之合法性),包括:兼任助理是否为具有(僱用关系之上)劳工身分、是否为工会法、劳基法以及相关社会保险法上劳工,乃至于是否为我国相关劳动或社会法令等权益规范之保障适用范围。若以「助理」之身分从事工作,不论其是否兼任或有无在校学生之身分,即已明显包含有为他人之目的而给付一定(特定)劳务之性质,但另一方面,亦不能以此劳务性之给付而否认该助理之工作可能同时具有为自己之目的或者以其为教育学习方式之性质。换言之,学生兼任助理于法律适用关系上尚难以「学生」或「助理」之形式身分而确定其工作性质,亦即,该所谓学生兼任助理之「工作」具有「偏向劳动」或「偏向教育」之位移可能,且多数之情形乃同时包含程度不一的「劳动」或「教育」性质。此外,由于实际上劳动给付样态的多元性与变动性,所谓「学生兼任助理」之给付主动与内容并非是具有单一性或固定范畴之概念,因此往往也导致该给付行为于法律适用上之不确定性。本文将整理日本「劳动者」概念及其判断基准之有关学说与实务见解的脉络,进一步说明日本大学生兼任助理有关契约身分定性的现行制度运作与相关争议,并以大学兼任助理知参加职灾保险为例,比较台湾与日本现行相关制度规范之差异。
英文摘要
Since the graduate students of National Taiwan University formed its union in 2011, the controversies of the definition of legal labor status have been risen. The issues include the student assistants’ employment status and their rights covered by the Union Law, Labor Standards Law, and Social Security Law. When individuals work as an assistant, whether they are part-time students or without any student identity, it is clear that they are paid for doing a specific task to fulfil other person’s purpose. However, it cannot be denied that the assistants may work for their own gain or for the educational purpose. It is difficult to rectify the nature of work done by student assistants under the role of a student or an assistant. The nature of their work can be either labor oriented or learning oriented. In most cases, it may involve different level of both labor and learning in nature.
起讫页 59-99
关键词 学生兼任研究助理学生兼任教学助理劳工概念部分工时劳工职灾保险Student research assistantStudent teaching assistantWorker conceptPart-time workerOccupational hazard insurance
刊名 政大劳动学报  
期数 201602 (29期)
出版单位 国立政治大学劳工研究所