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台湾签署自由贸易协定劳工专章的制度途径类型与执行机制分析

篇名
台湾签署自由贸易协定劳工专章的制度途径类型与执行机制分析
并列篇名
An Analysis of Institutional ApproachTypes and Enforcement Mechanisms in Labor Provisions of Free Trade Agreements Signed by Taiwan with Trade Partnership
作者 李健鸿
中文摘要
本文分析台湾签署的二项自由贸易协定劳工专章的制度途径类型以及执行机制。研究发现,由于台湾长期受到国际政治环境的制约,促使政府采取「消极性纳入劳工专章」的政策立场,导致台湾已经签署之二项自由贸易协定的劳工专章条款内容,主要是依照贸易夥伴国各自的政策需要而制定,分别采取「条件性──促进性的制度途径」、「促进性的制度途径」二种制度途径类型,在不同的制度途径下,各自建构形成二项协定的劳工专章具有不同的执行机制以及劳动保护制度内涵。研究建议,政府应该采取「积极纳入劳工专案」的政策思维,在对外洽签自由贸易协定时,主动提出「劳工专章」的提议;而且政府应该制订「洽签自由贸易协定的事前影响评估机制」,将「就业影响评估」纳入事前的影响评估范围内;对于已经签署的二项协定的「劳工专章」内容,政府应该落实执行,以保护劳工的基本劳动权利;政府还应该检视与修正我国现行劳动法律内未能符合ILO的核心劳动基准之处,以减少未来洽签自由贸易协定的障碍,开拓台湾对外洽签自由贸易协定的国际空间。
英文摘要
This article analyzes the institutional approach types and enforcement mechanisms in labor provisions of free trade agreements signed by Taiwan with trade partnerships. The main findings is that due to the government take “passive included labor provisions” policy stance in the context of constrained external international political environment, leading to the two labor provisions of free trade agreements in accordance with policies needs of externaltrade partnerships countries, formulate the institutional approach types were adopted “conditionalpromotional approach” and “promotional approach”, each institutional approach type constructing different enforcement mechanisms and labor protection institutional contents. There are four suggestions as follow, firstly, government should be changed to take the “actively included labor provisions” of policy thinking, offered actively incorporate labor provisions in the process of negotiating free trade agreements. Secondly, government must construct the pre-evaluation mechanism to evaluate the influences of free trade on the employment impact of workers. Thirdly, government should actively perform the “labor provisions” contents in two agreements have been signed by Taiwan with trade partnerships, in order to protect the fundamental labor rights of workers. Fourthly, government must review and revise the failure within the prevailing labor laws to comply with ILO core labor standards, in order to open up the international space of negotiating free tradeagreements, and reducing the obstacles in the process of negotiating free trade agreementin the future.
起讫页 1-57
关键词 劳工专章核心劳动基准自由贸易协定制度途径执行机制Labor provisionsCore labor standardsFree trade agreementInstitutional approachEnforcement mechanisms
刊名 政大劳动学报  
期数 201602 (29期)
出版单位 国立政治大学劳工研究所