Orbit

top-banner

促进就业政策之跨计划研究:政策利害关系人途径

篇名 促进就业政策之跨计划研究:政策利害关系人途径
英文篇名 A Stakeholders Approach to Cross-Policy Performance Evaluation of Promotion Employment Programs
作者 刘宜君、辛炳隆、马财专
刊名 政大劳动学报
期数 201212(28)
出版单位 国立政治大学劳工研究所
起讫页 1-43
摘要

本研究以「多元就业开发方案」、「立即上工计画」、「青年职场体验中程计画」与「培育优质人力促进就业计画」等四项计划为研究对象。本研究除探讨促进就业政策评估的文献外,并说明四项计画内容的异同,进而从政策利害关系人途径,以电话调查四项计画可评估的共同项目。问卷调查的母群体以2009年参与计画为主,调查对象资料拟透过执行机关协助取得僱用单位与其计画参与者名单。设计问卷内容涵盖僱用单位与计画参与者对于参与方案认知、选择理由、参与经验、满意度、影响及建议。由于四项方案在目标与执行策略上有所差异,本研究针对四项计画的共同政策理念、目标与策略设计共同调查题目,以作为比较基础,并针对四项计画的特性,设计执行评估与影响评估的差异性题目。本研究执用人单位与进用人员1,600位的调查。分析四项计划在近似期间执行,因部分计画锁定对象未能明确产生区隔,在计划执行过程中不可避免将会产生资源导入重叠的效应与机会成本问题。因而建议强化跨部会的协调机制,以使资源有效配置,并建议政府及早建置失业者分类架构,并借由实证分析,厘清不同类别的失业者所适合的协助方案。

英文摘要

In recent years, the government has endorsed wage subsidies as a policy instrument to deal with this country's diverse unemployment since financial crisis of 2007. The major purpose of this paper is to compare implementation process and effectiveness of four promotion employment policies from the stakeholder approach. The research considers Multiple Employment Program, Instant Employment Plan, Youth Work Experience Program and Promotion of Employment through Improving Quality Human Project as cross-policy research objectives. Those programs are characterized as types of wage subsidies policy to raise employment levels. This paper takes stock of the relevant literature and conducts a telephone survey to obtain insights into wage subsidy design and implementation issues. The research also investigates whether this policy measure is appropriate in dealing with diverse unemployment problem. Those interested parties are surveyed to understand their experience of participating in those programs, policy satisfaction and their opportunity cost viewpoint. The research argues that although wage subsidies may be successful at creating jobs, they should not be seen as the primary or dominant policy instrument for dealing with the broader unemployment problem. The research also finds that grant standards are inconsistent with the each other; it shows trade-off and competition among the programs. To enhance the effectiveness of wage subsidies, they should preferably be linked to structured workplace training, be targeted to industries where employment will be responsive to changes in labor costs, and be focused on the unemployment. The research suggests that the relevant authorities review and improve existing administrative operations of those programs, the contents of streamlining processes and operations to reduce administrative procedure pressure.

关键词 促进就业政策、政策评估、政策利害关系人、机会成本、Policy EvaluationPromotion Employment PolicyPolicy StakeholderOpportunity Cost