The Study of Conflicts between Claims in Industrial Injury Insurance and Civil Damages Compensations in the PRC
中国劳动关系构成元素除劳动合同制度外，尚涉养老退休、工伤保险等制度转型因素。工伤保险制度系从企业内劳工保险体制转向企业外社会保险体制中，各项工伤待遇给付仍依赖企业支付，与台湾以保险支付方式显然不同。而工伤给付若有项目或金额争执者，概以劳动争议处理程序解决，处理程序须经强制仲裁，并无程序简化之便利。且实体权利上工伤待遇与民事损害赔偿请求竞合接轨不当，使劳工无法提出非财产损害赔偿请求。此等差异认知不仅在中国劳动法制研究上有其必要，对付中经营企业之风险管理亦为重要。本文试以：(1) 工伤待遇与劳动保险、(2) 工伤待遇请求与损害赔偿请求、(3) 工伤待遇与损害赔偿竞合模式、(4)竞合关系评价，逐层说明中国工伤给付争议与劳动争议事件结合之制度因素，工伤损害赔偿制度路线辩证与法制发展。
The labor-management relationship in China is formed by labor contract system, combing with the transforming systems of retirement and vocational injury insurance. The vocational injury insurance in China is started with the form of labor insurance in enterprises, and then transformed to the type of social insurance. However, each benefit is still paid by enterprises, which is different from the operation of social insurance in Taiwan. Any dispute that related to money or other matter in terms of vocational injury benefit will be managed with labormanagement dispute process. The process is run with compulsory arbitration; thus, inconveniently, the process can not be simplified. In addition, due to the failed connection of the concurrence parts of vocational injury benefits and civil damages, workers can not claim for non-property damages. It’s necessary to notice this problem while studying the labor legal system of the PRC. It is also an important message regarding risk management to the Taiwan-based enterprises in China.
|关键词||工伤待遇、劳动争议、侵权、损害赔偿、竞合、Vocational injury benefit、Labor dispute、Infringement、Compensation、Overlapping|