From Industrial Relations To Workplace Relations: The (Resistable) Rise Of Decentralised Bargaining In Contemporary Australia
|篇名||From Industrial Relations To Workplace Relations: The (Resistable) Rise Of Decentralised Bargaining In Contemporary Australia|
|作者||Robert L. Tierney|
Since 1988, the Australian industrial relations system has shifted substantially and rapidly from a highly centralised system, characterised by a distinctive formal arbitration system and by strong recognition of trade union rights and powers in collective bargaining. The shift has been towards a decentralised system, which gives primacy to enterprise agreements, which weakens the power of trade unions to intervene in enterprise-based negotiations, which erodes the arbitral model, and which attempts to insert the significance of individual contracts over collective bargaining. This shift has been, in large part, a consequence of the ascendancy of militant managerialist ideologies and strategies in the corporate sector. The advocates of this militant managerialism initially comprised a relatively small number of miners and farming representatives, among others, spreading to the country's most powerful employer association by the close of the 1980s. Recent Government and corporate offensives against the union movement have contributed to the spectacular decline in the rate of union density, however this decline has also been the consequence of widespread changes to the industrial and occupational structure of the labour market itself. Union strategies to arrest this decline have been unsuccessful hitherto.