Because of its economic growth during the past four decades, the Republic of China have ranked as a developed country before the year of 2000. The social structure of the R.O.C. has changed from a traditionally agricultural society to an industrial and commercial society. The labour population in the R.O.C. is increasing every year and is at this stage more than eight million big. Labour problems, such as the relationship between labour and management, the labour union movement, labour safety and health, vocational training, the adjustment of labour markets, labour insurance, and unemployment insurance are serious and in need of solution.
The nature of the labour problems is very complicated. Research on the labour problems must combine knowledge on philosophy and ideology, laws and regulations, the organization of administration, sociology, political science, economics and culture differences. Right now, not enough research on labour problems is done. Researchers attached to the departments of law, economics, social science, and business administration have published few research projects on labour problems. Research on labour problems has been neglected for a long time. Seen from the academic viewpoint, without the construction of this Institute research on labour problems will lack a comprehensive approach, it will not be train competent experts in this field.
Since the promulgation of the Labour Standard Law, employees have become more aware of their rights, and disputes between labour and management have consequently increased. Both government and enterprises are in need of research findings and competent experts to solve the labour problems. These problems are even more serious in the local governments are not in a position to hire competent professional labour officials, that the labour problems which occur in local areas cannot be solved immediately, and that labour problems at local level often turn out to be national problems. Labour problems are, therefore, directly affecting the political and social stability in this country. The labour problems also have an international connotation. Academic research on the labour problems is at this stage insufficiently developed, and we consequently lack participation in international academic exchange. Furthermore, our connection with the International Labour Organization is very weak and difficult to develop.
For the reasons mentioned above, the Institute for Labour Research was founded. This Institute was founded on August 1, 1990, and recruited ifteenraduatetudents. Dr. Hwang Yueh-chin was the first term chairman of the institute. The successive chairman was Professor Chang Chun-Chig and Asso. Professor Wang, Huei-Ling and Asso. Professor Chang Chyi-Herng and Professor Liu, Mei-Chun. Currently, the chairman is Asso. Professor Wang, Huei-Ling Now, we recruit 25 graduate students, including 20 general students and 5 at-job students.